Through following examinations, we can know clearly whether kidney is damaged and the exact location of kidney damages.
1.Urine - Total Protein (U-TP)
U-TP reflects the total discharge of protein into urine and the reference value is less than 150mg/L.
When test report shows higher U-TP, kidney damages should be put into consideration...more
Kidneys pass out certain waste products from our body, and when there are kidney damages, these wastes pile up in the blood. Thereby, by means of testing the amount of these substances, we can get a general understanding about kidney function.
Substances in the blood that could reflect kidney function are generally divided into three classes, which go as follows :
Small molecule toxins...more
Lymphocyte subsets are important indexes which can test the cellular immune and the humoral immune. They generally reflect the organic current immune function and the balance condition. It consists of the following aspects:
1.CD4: CD 4 is assistant T cell and starts immune response by secreting cellular factors.
2.CD8: CD8 is cellular toxic T cell and play the...more
Electrophoresis is a sensitive test that can help to distinguish glomerular proteinuria and tubular proteinuria by means of separating protein in urine on the basis of molecular weight.
Urine protein electrophoresis is helpful to determine the cause of protein in the urine, or as a screening test to measure the various proteins in urine. While doing urine protein electrophoresis,laboratory specialist will place the urine sample on special paper and apply and electric ...more
Hematuria, with another name blood urine, is clinical divided to two types: microscopic hematuria and gross hematuria. Just as their name imply, microscopic hematuria refers to blood urine that need to be diagnosed with microscope and gross hematuria means blood urine that can be seen with the naked eye.
Hematuria is the presence of red blood cells in the urine.One the basis of origin of red blood cells in urine....more