Diet in Stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)2012-10-06 17:22
Stage 3 chronic kidney disease is define as having moderate kidney damage with Glomerular filtration rate of 30-60. The patients begin to pose symptoms of renal diseases such as proteinuria, high blood pressure, edema, swelling, hematuria, etc. In this stage, lifestyle changes, dietary modifications, and proper medications should be combined together to protect remaining functioning kidney cells and stave off further renal damage.
In stage 3 chronic kidney disease, the diet can include a variety of grains, fruits and vegetables, but whole grains and some fruits or vegetables may be restricted if the patients have abnormal results of phosphorus or potassium levels.
Take care for the intake of fat foods. Fat provide calories needed by human body; people at stage 3 chronic kidney disease should choose foods low in saturated fat to protect your heart and arteries. If you eat desserts, try to eat those made with unsaturated fats such as non-hydrogenated vegetable oils. These include canola, sunflower, soy and peanut oil.
In addition, the intake of proteins should be balanced. People at stage 3 chronic kidney disease are suggested that daily protein intake about 0.8g/kg. High quality animal proteins—proteins that contain essential amino acids and produce less urea, are recommended choices. Selectable foods include eggs, meat, dairy, milk, etc.
Supplement for vitamin D is essential. People at stage 3 CKD are at high risk for vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D is essential for strong bones and may also help for treatment of kidney disease. The patients can take vitamin D supplements, but it is also available in fortified foods, fish oil or through sunlight exposure. You may talk with your doctor and dietitian to known what is best vitamin D source for you.
The diet for sodium is an individual decision made between you and your health care provider. Sodium may cause fluid retention, raise blood pressure and put extra strain on the kidneys. Restricting the intake of salt or sodium by limiting intake of processed foods may be suggested by your health care provider to reduce consumption of sodium and reduce risks of associated complications.
A clinical specific dietary plan will be made based on individualized kidney condition and presence of clinical symptoms. Talk with your doctors to get suitable dietary suggestion.
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