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Albumin in Urine in Type 2 Diabetes

2013-09-27 11:14

Albumin in Urine in Type 2 DiabetesAlbumin is a protein made by the liver and plays a vital role in body.A microalbumin test checks urine for the presence of albumin in urine.Albumin in urine commonly occurs in people with a long history of type 2 diabetes.How does it occur?Does it imply any serious condition?

Causes of albumin in urine type 2 Diabetes

Albumin is normally found in the blood and filtered by the kidneys.When the kidneys are working properly, albumin is not present in the urine.Albumin in urine is the earliest sign of kidney damage in type 2 diabetes.

The tiny blood vessels act as filters in kidneys and can filter out extra fluid and wastes from body.In right condition, the albumin is too big to pass through the tiny blood vessels and will stay in blood. However, long-term high blood sugar can impair the tiny blood vessels and damage the barrier function.As a result,the albumin in body will pass through kidneys and end up in urine.

If early kidney damage is not treated in Type 2 Diabetes,large amounts of albumin and protein may leak into the urine.This condition is called macroalbuminuria or proteinuria.When the kidneys spill protein,it can mean serious kidney damage. Therefore,the patients with type 2 diabetes should never neglect the early treatment of albumin in urine.

Treatment for albumin in urine in type 2 diabetes

In early stage of kidney damage,if high blood sugar level can be controlled effectively,the kidney damage can be reversed.

Meanwhile,the patients should have treatment to control the risk factors which can worsen renal function like high blood pressure, hyperlipedemia etc.

If kidney damage has formed,treatment should be prescribed to restore the impaired kidney structure and improve renal function. If the barrier function of kidneys can be restored, the albumin in urine will be controlled fundamentally.

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