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Ways for Reducing Muscle Cramps in Dialysis Patient

2014-08-14 08:17

Ways for Reducing Muscle Cramps in Dialysis PatientMuscle cramps is a common complication during dialysis treatments. It is so painful that sometimes patients can not bear it. In this article, we introduce several ways for reducing muscle cramps in dialysis patient. Hope it can help you ease the pain.

First of all, let’s see what causes muscle cramps for dialysis patients.

To know the causes is helpful for us to suit the remedy to the case. The exact cause of muscle cramps is not clear yet, but we have found that some factors are associated with muscle cramps, such as volume contraction, low blood sodium concentration, low body magnesium, and carnitine deficiency. Among these factors, the first two seem to be the most common. Getting below your dry weight and repaid removal of large volumes can lead to volume contraction, resulting in cramps. Some patients are required to use low sodium concentration dialysate to do dialysis, which can cause less blood perfusion into muscles so as to lead to cramps.

Ways for reducing muscle cramps in dialysis patient

Treatment has two components. One is to prevent cramps from occurring and the other is to treat cramps when they occur.

-Prevention of muscle cramps

*You should control your weight gain between dialysis sessions. And you should also pay attention to the water intake

*You should talk with your doctor or nurse to increase the sodium concentration in the dialysate properly.

*If you have carnitine deficiency, you can be given carnitine pills to prevent cramps.

*Taking quinine sulfate at the beginning of dialysis to prevent cramps. Vitamin E also prevents cramps as well.

*Doing some exercise in the daily to strengthen the muscles is also helpful.

-To relieve muscle cramp

*Massage the cramp area or hot compress or cold compress can ease the pain.

*You can also eat some muscle relax medications if you can not bear the pain.

When muscle cramps occur frequently, you should talk with your doctor to find the cause and take measures. Dialysis has other side effects, such as skin itch and nausea. If you want to reduce dialysis frequency or avoid dialysis, you can contact us. We can help you make a personalized treatment plan to improve kidney function.


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