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Renal Parenchymal Disease :Causes, Symptoms, Diet, Treatment

2013-04-06 09:38

Sometimes patients will find that it reads renal parenchymal disease in their test report? What does parenchymal kidney disease means? Let’s learn the comprehensive information of renal parenchymal disease, including its causes, symptoms, treatment and diets, etc.

Renal parenchymal disease is not a single disease. It belongs to CKD and it can be caused by a variety of kidney diseases. But they have one thing in common, that is renal parenchyma are impaired and patients will develop renal dysfunction.

Causes of renal parenchymal disease

There are a variety of causes for renal parenchymal damages or injuries. Such as glomerulonephritis, chronic pyelonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, urinary tract obstruction, reflux kidney disease, hydronephrosis, interstitial nephritis, etc. Besides, renal vascular diseases can also damage renal parenchyma if there is inadequate blood, oxygen and necessary nutritions to the parenchymal renal tissues.

Symptoms of parenchymal disease

Since renal parenchymal disease will affect kidney functions, patients will develop a series of symptoms including renal parenchymal hypertension, renal anemia, fluid retention and swelling, protein in urine, blood in urine, frequent urination, etc. When more than 90% kidney functions are lost, patients will develop the symptoms of end stage renal failure.


Treatment for renal parenchymal diseases should aims at controlling the underlying cause, easing symptoms and complications, slow down illness progression, repair damaged renal parenchymal tissues so as to improve kidney functions and treat the disease from the root. Kidney transplant, Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy and immunotherapy are treatments available that can help repair parenchymal damages and improve kidney functions. Choose the most suitable according to the conditions of your illness.


Proper diet for renal parenchymal disease patients should be low-salt, low-fat with moderate proteins. If patients have developed high blood pressure, low-salt and high-vitamin foods are highly recommended. If patients have swelling, fluid intake should be limited. If patients have anemia, foods that are high in iron, folic acid are good.

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