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Diabetes and blood glucose

2012-09-19 16:16

Blood glucose

Blood glucose, also referred to as blood sugar, is crucial for the health of human body, especially for Diabetics.

The patients with Diabetes are very familiar with such terms as blood sugar, blood glucose level and blood sugar meter, but what do those terms really mean? Why you need to control these numbers?

What are blood glucose levels?

Blood glucose levels, as we can understand from the literal meaning, refers to the amount of glucose in bloodstream. The reading is often measured in millimoles per litre (mmol/l) and stays stable between 4 to 8mmol/l in healthy individuals.

High reading in blood sugar often occurs after meals, and lowest levels occur in the early mornings.

Blood sugar is much more likely to run high or fluctuate in Diabetics.

Why blood glucose should be controlled?

High sugar level in blood in prolonged period of time can end up damaging blood vessels. Although this doesn’t sound serious, the resultant complications are.

Poorly controlled blood sugar will increase your risks of developing such diabetic complications as retinopathy, nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, etc.

It usually takes years for the development of Diabetic complications, but Type 2 Diabetes is often not diagnosed until a relative late stage.

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