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Stage 1 and Stage 2 Chronic Kidney Failure

Stage 1 of Chronic Kidney Disease

About stage 1 Chronic Kidney Failure

About stage 2 Chronic Renal Failure

Stage 1 of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Failure, also can be known as Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in some countries, is clinically divided into 5 stages. As chronic renal failure stage 1-2 cause no obvious symptoms, it is ignored easily. Without timely and effective control, Chronic Renal Failure develops to stage 5 (End Stage Renal Failure) which needs patients do dialysis or kidney transplant. Therefore, having a through knowledge about chronic renal failure stage 1-2 is very helpful for preventing end stage renal disease.

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About stage 1 Chronic Kidney Failure

The patients with stage 1 of Chronic Kidney Failure usually have no bad feelings and no clinical symptoms, but in fact their kidney, with a glomerular filtration rate at a normal or high level greater than 90ml/min, has been damaged already. Here many people may want to know since their Chronic Kidney Disease has happened, why they don’t have any discomfort. The reason is that our kidneys with a strong compensatory ability can still do a good job even when they are not in the perfect condition.

Since stage 1 CKD is difficult to be found, the patients can discover their diseases through other methods.

· Doing physical examination regularly

· Paying more attention to diabetes and high blood pressure (the leading causes of kidney disease)

· Doing a urine test immediately when blood or protein appears in your urine

· A family history of polycystic kidney disease (PKD)

· A higher level of creatinine in the blood

Once people discover their disease through the above methods, they should abide by their doctor’s suggestions to slow the progression of CKD. The following are just some tips made by some kidney disease experts.

· Keep your blood pressure at a normal level

· Control your blood sugar and diabetes

· Do regular examinations which includes a serum creatinine test to measure GFR

· Stop alcohol and smoking

· Do appropriate exercise

· Take medicines properly

·Have a healthy diet:

· The patients with high blood pressure should eat less food which contains high potassium and phosphorus.

· Limit the intake of high protein

· Eat more vegetables and fruit

· Control the intake of salt and sodium

· Supplement the vitamins and minerals timely

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About stage 2 Chronic Renal Failure

The patients with stage 2 of Chronic Kidney Failure usually have no symptoms and no bad feelings, but in fact their glomerular filtration rate has reduced to 60-89ml/min, that is to say, their kidney has been damaged mildly. However, patients with stage 2 CKD usually can’t perceive their disease, and even if they do find out their disease, it is often due to the test for other conditions which include:

· High blood pressure and diabetes ( the two leading causes of Chronic Kidney Failure)

· Blood urine or proteinuria

· Higher level of creatinine in the blood

· A family history of Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

· Evidence of kidney damage in an MRI, CT scan, ultrasound or contrast X-ray

Once the patients discover that they are in the stage 2 of Chronic Kidney Disease, they should change their bad habits and maintain a healthy lifestyle to fight against their disease.

1. Six tips made by kidney disease experts

· Keep your blood pressure in a normal level

· Control your blood sugar and diabetes

· Do physical examination which includes a serum creatinine test regularly

· Do appropriate exercise

· Stop smoking and alcohol

· Take the proper medicines

2. Other six tips made by dietitians

· Have the right amount of protein and calories

· Eat less salted food

· Eat more vegetables and fruit

· Low the intake of sodium strictly

· Pay attention to the supplement of vitamins and minerals timely

· The patients with high blood pressure should eat less food which contains high potassium and phosphorus

The above is the introduction about Chronic Kidney Failure stage 1-2 and hope it is helpful for you to prevent advanced kidney failure.

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